Frontiers in Biomedical Technologies 2014. 1(4):.

The Effect of Irradiation Time and Distance on the Microhardness of Three Commercial Nanohybrid Resin-Based Composites
Tahereh Jafarzadeh-Kashi, Maryam Hajihasani, Soolmaz Heidari, Kimia Khoshroo, Reza Masaeli, Mohammadreza Tahriri


Purpose: The properties of resin-based composites as polymeric materials are related to the quality of polymerization. Microhardness measurement is an indirect method to predict this quality. Irradiation time and distance as factors related to light-curing process play important roles in this issue. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of irradiation time and
distance on the microhardness values of three different commercial nanohybrid resin-based composites.
Methods: A total of 180 disk-shaped specimens (60 specimens for each commercial resinbased composite) from three nanohybrid resin-based composites [Grandio (Voco), Simile (Pentron) and Tetric N- Ceram (Ivoclar Vivadent)] in A2 shade were prepared. The specimens were randomly subdivided in 6 subgroups (3 subgroups for evaluating irradiation time: 10
s, 20 s and 40 s, 3 subgroups for irradiation distance: 0 mm, 3 mm and 9 mm) which 10 specimens from each commercial resin-base composite were used for each subgroup. Vickers microhardness test was performed for the top and bottom surfaces of each sample using a microhardness tester under a 200 gr load and a dwell time of 15 s. Three random indentations
were taken for each surface and a mean value was calculated. Data were analyzed by two and three way ANOVA and Tukey’s post-hoc test at the 95% significance level.
Results: The microhardness values showed significant differences between subgroups for different irradiation times and distances (p value ≤ 0.001).).The only exception was Simile group which there was no significant difference for microhardness values between 0 and 3 mm distances.
Grandio showed the highest microhardness values among others.
Conclusion: Increasing the irradiation time and decreasing the irradiation distance caused an increase in microhardness values. Also, the microhardness of the resin-based composites was affected by the chemical structure of the material.


Distance, Irradiation, Light Cure, Microhardness, Resin-Based Composite, Time.

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License which allows users to read, copy, distribute and make derivative works for non-commercial purposes from the material, as long as the author of the original work is cited properly.