Original Article

Automatic Text Summarization of COVID-19 Research Articles Using Recurrent Neural Networks and Coreference Resolution

Abstract

Purpose: Pandemic COVID-19 has created an emergency for the medical community. Researchers require extensive study of scientific literature in order to discover drugs and vaccines. In this situation where every minute is valuable to save the lives of hundreds of people, a quick understanding of scientific articles will help the medical community. Automatic text summarization makes this possible.

Materials and Methods: In this study, a recurrent neural network-based extractive summarization is proposed. The extractive method identifies the informative parts of the text. Recurrent neural network is very powerful for analyzing sequences such as text. The proposed method has three phases: sentence encoding, sentence ranking, and summary generation. To improve the performance of the summarization system, a coreference resolution procedure is used. Coreference resolution identifies the mentions in the text that refer to the same entity in the real world. This procedure helps to summarization process by discovering the central subject of the text.

Results: The proposed method is evaluated on the COVID-19 research articles extracted from the CORD-19 dataset. The results show that the combination of using recurrent neural network and coreference resolution embedding vectors improves the performance of the summarization system. The Proposed method by achieving the value of ROUGE1-recall 0.53 demonstrates the improvement of summarization performance by using coreference resolution embedding vectors in the RNN-based summarization system.

Conclusion: In this study, coreference information is stored in the form of coreference embedding vectors. Jointly use of recurrent neural network and coreference resolution results in an efficient summarization system.

Files
IssueVol 7 No 4 (2020) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/fbt.v7i4.5321
Keywords
Extractive Summarization Coreference Resolution COVID-19 Recurrent Neural Network Long Short Term Memory Gated Recurrent Unit

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Afsharizadeh M, Ebrahimpour-Komleh H, Bagheri A. Automatic Text Summarization of COVID-19 Research Articles Using Recurrent Neural Networks and Coreference Resolution. Frontiers Biomed Technol. 2020;7(4):236-248.