Original Article

A Comparison of Conventional Empirical Formula and MCNPX Code in the Estimations of Photon and Neutron Skyshine Rates for an 18MV Radiotherapy Bunker

Abstract

Purpose: A physical phenomenon, scattering the radiation by the atmosphere above the room to the points at ground level around the linac treatment room is known as skyshine radiation. This study aimed to estimate photon and neutron skyshine from a linac in a high-energy radiation therapy facility.

Materials and Methods: The empirical method of NCRP report 151 and MC simulations were employed to estimate skyshine radiation dose from the 18MV linac photon beam. A linac and its bunker were modeled and skyshine dose equivalent from photons and secondary neutrons were derived and compared in the control room, corridor, sidewalk and, parking.

Results: The photon skyshine dose rates calculations by the MC method varied from 0.43 µSv/h at the sidewalk to 6.2 µSv/h at the control room. The ratios of NCRP to MCNP calculations varied from 3.58 for the corridor to 16.14 for the control room. For the neutron skyshine dose rate at distances shorter than 20m, it was found to be 10.4 nSv/h and the ratios of the NCRP to MCNP were 1.26 at the control room and 3.34 at the sidewalk.

Conclusion: It was concluded that the empirical method overestimates photon and neutron skyshine dose rates in comparison to the MCNPX code. The refinement of the proposed empirical method of NCRP 151 and application of MC methods are strongly suggested for more reliable calculations of skyshine radiations.

Files
IssueVol 8 No 4 (2021) QRcode
SectionOriginal Article(s)
DOI https://doi.org/10.18502/fbt.v8i4.7751
Keywords
Skyshine Monte Carlo Photon Neutron

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
How to Cite
1.
Eghdam-Zamiri R, Ghiasi H. A Comparison of Conventional Empirical Formula and MCNPX Code in the Estimations of Photon and Neutron Skyshine Rates for an 18MV Radiotherapy Bunker. Frontiers Biomed Technol. 2021;8(4):239-245.